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Thread: Prion Poisoning in the ZOGland

  1. #21
    Fannion Kincaid's Avatar
    Fannion Kincaid is offline YHWH's Own Prion Poisoner Junior Member Fannion Kincaid is on a distinguished road
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    Somewhere in the ZOGland

  2. #22
    Join Date
    May 2009

    Default In 2005, about 200 people ate ‘zombie’ deer meat. Here’s what happened

    In 2005, about 200 people ate ‘zombie’ deer meat. Here’s what happened


    As people wonder what might happen if humans eat meat from "zombie" deer, there is at least one group of people who already know.

    On March 13, 2005, a fire company in Oneida County, New York, fed the meat of a deer that tested positive for chronic wasting disease to 200 to 250 people. The company didn't know the meat was from a diseased deer. Laboratory tests for one of the deer served came back positive for CWD later.

    Because little was known about what happens to people who eat infected meat, the Oneida County Health Department monitored the group's health through a surveillance project. About 80 people who ate the venison agreed to participate. Together with the State University of New York-Binghamton, health experts checked in with the group of mostly white males over the course of six years to see whether they developed any unusual symptoms.

    In a study published in the peer-reviewed medical journal Public Health, researchers found the group had "no significant changes in health conditions." They did report eating less venison after the whole ordeal. Otherwise, observed conditions, including vision loss, heart disease, type 2 diabetes, weight changes, hypertension and arthritis, were credited to old age.

    "It’s the only study I’m aware of that has this progressive follow-up of a known point source contamination where we know the people ate a contaminated animal," researcher Ralph Garruto, professor of biomedical and biological sciences at Binghamton University, told USA TODAY.

    Garruto said his team checks in with the group every two years and plans another follow-up in spring. Though he said the chance of symptoms appearing dwindles with time, there's a small possibility that someone might show signs of the disease.

    "It only takes one case," he said.

    There have been no reported cases of CWD in humans, but the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and state wildlife offices urge hunters to take precautions in areas where the disease has been found in animals. In laboratory studies, CWD has been able to cross species.

    "Right now, most scientists believe there is a pretty strong 'species barrier,' which means that it’s unlikely the disease will jump to a new species," Krysten Schuler, wildlife disease ecologist and co-director at the Cornell Wildlife Health Lab, told USA TODAY.

    But some experts have predicted CWD could one day infect humans. Michael Osterholm, director of the Center for Infectious Disease Research and Policy at the University of Minnesota, said it's "probable" that humans will come down with the disease after eating meat "in the years ahead."


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  3. #23
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    May 2009

    Default 'Zombie' deer disease is in 24 states and thousands of infected deer are eaten each year, expert warns

    'Zombie' deer disease is in 24 states and thousands of infected deer are eaten each year, expert warns

    Ryan W. Miller, USA TODAY Published 10:15 a.m. ET Feb. 16, 2019
    Updated 2:13 p.m. ET Feb. 18, 2019


    An infectious disease deadly in deer has spread to 24 states, and experts warned that the ailment – unofficially dubbed "zombie" deer disease – could one day hit humans.

    Chronic wasting disease, or CWD, has afflicted free-ranging deer, elk and/or moose in 24 states and two Canadian provinces as of January, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said.

    "We are in an unknown territory situation," Michael Osterholm, director of the Center for Infectious Disease Research and Policy at the University of Minnesota, told USA TODAY on Friday.

    Last week, Osterholm testified before his state lawmakers, warning about possible human impacts.

    "It is probable that human cases of chronic wasting disease associated with consumption with contaminated meat will be documented in the years ahead," he said. "It’s possible the number of human cases will be substantial and will not be isolated events."

    Osterholm compared the situation to "mad cow" disease in the 1980s and 1990s in the United Kingdom, when there was public doubt that it could spread to humans. According to British news outlet the Independent, 156 people died in the U.K. in the 1990s because of "mad cow" disease.

    No cases of CWD have been reported in humans, but studies have shown it can be transmitted to animals other than deer, including primates, according to the CDC.

    For humans, eating infected deer meat would be the most likely way for it to spread to people, the CDC says.

    About 7,000 to 15,000 animals infected with CWD are eaten each year, and that number could rise by 20 percent annually, according to the Alliance for Public Wildlife, which Osterholm cited in his testimony.

    Scientists can't say for sure that CWD will cross over and infect humans, but as time goes on and more infected meat is consumed, the likelihood increases, Osterholm said.

    "It's like a throw at the genetic roulette table," he said.


    Chronic Wasting Disease in the ZOGland, Jan 2019

    How much of this caused by Prion-Poisoning?


    CWD is a kind of illness known as prion diseases or transmissible spongiform encephalopathies.

    "If Stephen King could write an infectious disease novel, he'd write it about prions," Osterholm told lawmakers.

    In deer, CWD spreads through contaminated bodily fluids, tissue, drinking water and food, the CDC says.

    The disease affects deer's brains and spinal cords through abnormal prion proteins that damage normal prion proteins, the CDC said. The cells collect and eventually burst, leaving behind microscopic empty spaces in the brain matter that give it a “spongy” look, according to the North Carolina Wildlife Commission.

    Symptoms, which can take more than a year to develop, include drastic weight loss, lack of coordination, listlessness, drooling, excessive thirst or urination, drooping ears, lack of fear of people and aggression.

    The disease was first identified in captive deer in the late 1960s in Colorado and in wild deer in 1981, the CDC said. According to the health agency, CWD could be more widespread than 24 states.

    "Once CWD is established in an area, the risk can remain for a long time in the environment. The affected areas are likely to continue to expand," the CDC says on its website.

    Many state regulations are in place aimed at preventing humans from eating the infected meat.

    In North Carolina, anyone transporting cervid (animals from the deer family) carcass parts into the state must follow strict processing and packaging regulations. Indiana stepped up its monitoring efforts, though testing is not mandatory.

    "If you put this into a meat processing plant ... this is kind of a worst case nightmare," Osterholm told lawmakers.

    Osterholm said more needs to be done in the way of testing deer meat. Though some states test, it needs to be done quicker and with a more robust infrastructure to prevent infected deer from being consumed, he said.

    The CDC recommended that hunters test deer before eating meat in affected areas. If a deer looks sick or acts strangely, hunters should not shoot or handle it or eat its meat, the health agency said.

    Osterholm said hunters should be cautious and follow state regulations if they're in an affected area. "No one is asking anyone to stop hunting," he said.

    "People have to understand the significance of this. We can't wait until we have the first cases coming," Osterholm told lawmakers.

    I am The Librarian

  4. #24
    Join Date
    Jun 2010
    jewplin Missery

    Default Andy Ostmeyer: Talking trout, elk, CWD and the loss of a signature species with Sara Parker Pauley

    Andy Ostmeyer: Talking trout, elk, CWD and the loss of a signature species with Sara Parker Pauley


    Sara Parker Pauley was in Joplin last week to check on the progress of the Shoal Creek Conservation Education Center.

    Pauley, director of the Missouri Department of Conservation, was accompanied by Aaron Jeffries, deputy director, and joined by others, including Kevin Badgley, manager of the center, formerly the Wildcat Glades Conservation & Audubon Center.

    The building has been closed since last year, when the National Audubon Society withdrew from the partnership. Since then, MDC has found a number of problems that it is working to repair as well as getting displays ready.

    Jeffries said the hope is that the building will open some time this summer.

    “We ask for just a little more patience here,” Pauley added. “This is a priority for our commission.”

    I used the opportunity to ask them about a number of other changes and challenges in Missouri, including:

    Chronic wasting disease

    This is not just a Missouri issue but a regional and even a national challenge, as evidenced by the explosion of CWD cases in northern Arkansas in the past few years that have now pushed into Southwest Missouri. Nearly 600 CWD positives have popped up in Arkansas in the past three years, with Carroll and Boone counties, along the state line, among the hot spots. Last year, a buck taken in Stone County, Missouri, in early November tested positive for CWD. It was the first detection of CWD in this corner of the state. Another positive soon turned up in Taney County.

    There’s little doubt that more encroachment is likely to follow in Southwest Missouri.

    MDC biologists are meeting with their counterparts in other states to find out what is working and to coordinate strategies, but Pauley said the disease is here to stay for now, adding: “We don’t believe, in my lifetime, we will rid ourselves of this disease.”

    She added: “We are committed to keeping the spread as low as possible.”

    This week, the agency proposed new regulations for transporting deer carcasses and added carcass-disposal rules for meat processors and taxidermists. If approved, the regulations would become effective next year. The agency is seeking public comment on the proposed regulations through early August at short.mdc.mo.gov/Z49. More changes will be coming that will affect management and hunting. We’ll keep you updated.

    CWD was first found in Missouri at private big-game breeding and hunting sites in 2010 and 2011; the first positive cases in free-ranging deer were found in 2012 near those private breeding and hunting sites.

    According to a statement, MDC has tested more than 130,000 deer for the disease since the first cases were detected; the number of positive cases is currently at 116.

    Elk hunting

    The department began stocking elk in Missouri nearly a decade ago at Peck Ranch, part of a patchwork of public and private land between the Current and Eleven Point rivers.

    A different subspecies of elk was once home in the Ozarks, and Henry Rowe Schoolcraft, the first person to leave behind a detailed account of the Ozarks in 1818-1819 — before statehood and settlement — gives the impression that elk were common. In fact, Schoolcraft wrote about coming upon an elk antler of “astonishing size” near the North Fork River in 1818 that he and a companion hung in an oak tree to signal to other visitors that humans had passed that way. They named a nearby spring Elkhorn Spring.

    Missouri’s native elk were eventually wiped out, but with the reintroduction, the plan has always been to restore elk hunting in the state, perhaps as early as next year. It will be the first elk hunting in Missouri in more than 130 years. The last elk killed in Missouri was in 1886 in Texas County.

    How many permits will be available and other details are still be sorted out.

    “We have already been presenting to our commission what that elk season might look like,” Pauley said. “Right now our fingers ares still crossed for a 2020 season.”

    Trout fishing

    I just returned from a four-day camping trip to Roaring River State Park. Our oldest son called and wanted to take our 2-year-old granddaughter on her first camping trip. She ate her first campfire-cooked s’mores, spent her first night in a tent, toted around a firefly lantern, hiked her first Ozark trail and even helped me reel in her first rainbow.

    When the kids were little, and I paid for their trout tags, and later their first licenses, the cost for a day of fishing at Roaring River could add up, particularly if you include the cost of the gas, a meal at the lodge or in Cassville, and the sundry incidentals we always end up buying in the park store when we go fishing, everything from ice cream to sun block.

    Like a lot of area families, we have accrued a stringer full of memories around Roaring River and its trout fishing, memories that are priceless, and with a new generation, we hope to add more.

    That’s why I’m not too worried about the latest change, and I guess I am not alone.

    MDC recently proposed that, beginning next year, the cost of an annual trout permit go from $7 to $10 for anglers ages 16 and older and from $3.50 to $5 for anglers ages 15 and younger. The cost of a daily trout tag to fish Roaring River or the other state trout parks — Maramec Spring Park, Bennett Spring State Park and Montauk — will go from $3 to $4 for adults and from $2 to $3 for those 15 years of age and younger.

    (A trout permit is required to possess trout, except in trout parks where a daily trout fishing tag is required during the catch-and-keep season from March 1 to Oct. 31. A trout permit also is required for winter fishing in trout parks during the catch-and-release season and for fishing year-round in Lake Taneycomo upstream from the U.S. Highway 65 bridge. A fishing permit also is required, unless you qualify for an exemption.)

    Pauley noted that MDC has not raised permit prices in two decades, and according to MDC, in 2003, the cost to raise a trout in the hatcheries and stock them in streams was about $1 per fish; by 2017, it was twice that, just for the food and labor. That does not include maintaining the hatchery infrastructure.

    She also said the state has spent more than $11 million in recent years repairing and improving its hatcheries. Last fall, it broke ground on a $1.9 million renovation at Roaring River that involves a number of improvements. The work was ongoing when we were there last weekend, delayed, no doubt, by the rains.

    MDC is accepting public comments on the proposed changes through early August at short.mdc.mo.gov/Z49.

    “We are getting hundreds of comments,” Pauley said. “By and large the comments we have received on that particular issue have been positive.”

    Prairie chickens

    I asked these MDC leaders if there is much that can be done for the greater prairie chicken in the region.

    The short answer is “No.”

    It’s apparent now that Southwest Missouri will soon lose its greater prairie chicken population. Despite a saturation stocking effort several years ago involving hundreds of birds, the population at Taberville Prairie Conservation Area, north of El Dorado Springs, is close to being wiped out, and the population at the nearby Wah’ Kon-Tah Prairie has failed to sustain itself.

    Which means there likely will soon be just one small population left in a single county in northern Missouri along the Iowa border.

    This has been a long fight — in 1907, the greater prairie chicken became the first species in the state given protection from hunting. Max Alleger, grassland biologist for MDC, recently told the Globe: “It’s tough to be an 1800s bird in the 21st century.”

    The bird was once abundant in Missouri, numbering in the hundreds of thousands, but then the state also had 15 million acres of tallgrass prairie.

    As recently as 1999, the state had a greater prairie chicken population estimated at 1,000.

    Badgley said that in 2004, when he worked at Prairie State Park, they had a winter flock of 67 birds; there was a confirmed sighting in the park of a greater prairie chicken this winter, but it has been the only bird seen in that park in several years.

    The problem is that only one-half of 1% of native prairie remains in Missouri today.

    Jeffires said, “We can make good prairie chicken habitat, we just can’t make enough of it.”

    In other words, it’s not just tough to be an 1800s bird in the 21st century, it may be impossible.

    Andy Ostmeyer is the metro editor for The Joplin Globe. Contact him at aostmeyer@joplinglobe.com.

    All the shit unfit to print


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